Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder that often starts as a mild rash or dry skin that gradually turns into irregular red leathery patches with dry white scales anywhere over the body. Most cases of psoriasis emerge as symmetric patches over knees, elbows, or scalp regions. It is not contagious, and has a strong association with genetic mutations, as having a parent with psoriasis is its leading cause globally. In fact, if both parents have psoriasis, the chances of the child suffering from it are way up to 50%. However, this condition most commonly develops during a specific age, i.e., between 15–25 years and then again between 50–60 years.
What Are The Types Of Psoriasis?
Different types of psoriasis can occur in a person with unique signs and symptoms. Some of the commonly observed psoriasis types are:
Plaque Psoriasis: these are large flat patches of scales called plaques that usually develop on the elbows, knees, and lower back.
Flexural Psoriasis: These Are apparent rash-like patches tat developing under folded skin, like the armpits, groin, belly button, etc.
Guttate Psoriasis: Here, small red patches cover a large area of the body.
Sebopsoriasis: When seborrhoeic dermatitis develops, align with psoriasis, affecting the chest and head skin.
Nail Psoriasis: When any of the nails develop yellow discoloration and pitting.
Intraoral Psoriasis: Red patches located in the mouth with white or yellow borders, ulcers, and peeling gums. More common in severe cases.
Koebnerised Psoriasis: Here, psoriasis develops over an unhealed wound or scar.
Photosensitive Psoriasis: When red, scaly patches develop in areas that are most exposed to sunlight.
Erythrodermic Psoriasis: This is a chronic type of psoriasis that can affect the entire surface of the skin.
Symptoms Of Psoriasis?
The most common symptoms of psoriasis include:
- Red patches or thick white scales that remain confined to a specific region
- large cracks and fissures on the sole of the feet
- pitting, oil spots, and deformity around the nails
- Burning inflammation and pain over the dry skin patches
- Mild itching over dry scales
- Psoriatic Arthritis, a joint pain condition caused by complications from psoriasis
What Are The Causes Of Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is usually caused due to an abnormally active immune system that causes skin cells to reproduce faster than usual. The immune response cells called cytokines cause excess blood vessels to develop under the skin, which triggers the excess cell production and leads to thickening of the skin. The blood vessels cause red lesions while the excess skin sloughs off and forms thick leathery patches. Apart from this factor, psoriasis can also be caused by:
- Infections like tonsillitis, candida infections, yeasts, etc.
- Certain medications
- Hormonal changes
- Skin injuries or exposure to UV light
- Mental stress and obesity
- Excess alcohol consumption and smoking
How Does Dr. E Treat Psoriasis?
More than 80 million people have psoriasis today, of which around a million cases are in Canada. When a patient visits Dr. Ebrahim for psoriasis treatment in Vancouver, she works with them to find the root causes of their condition and manage their skin’s overall symptoms and aesthetic appearance. Upon your meet, Dr. Ebrahim will thoroughly diagnose your condition and prescribe the best suitable topical creams and ointments that help reduce scaling and red patches. You may also need oral medications that help control the immune response cells and normalize skin cell production.
Before you visit any psoriasis treatment clinic in Vancouver, meeting Dr. Ebrahim will greatly help you understand your condition and the type of treatment you’ll need. With her medical aesthetic treatment approach, she can help you manage your psoriasis condition in the best possible way.